An apple a day keeps the doctor away


Manipal Hospitals, Palam Vihar, Sector 6 Dwarka, New Delhi, Delhi 110075

Mini Gastric Bypass

There are some challenges and complications involved in the gastric bypass surgery performed by a surgeon through the traditional surgery method. The Mini-Gastric Bypass has emerged as an alternative to this surgery. The surgery is very easy in comparison to other surgeries and it is finished in a short time. There is very less complication in this surgery so it is preferred by people over the gastric bypass surgery. People who have a high body mass index or BMI value of above 35 can choose this surgery to lose weight. The surgery costs less than other weight loss surgeries. This minimally invasive surgery causes the least amount of pain and discomfort.

Mini-gastric bypass helps in weight loss through a decrease in the stomach size. This restrictive surgery restricts the food intake of a person so that he or she eats less amount of food. The surgery is malabsorptive as it stops the absorption of excess food and this is done by the bypass of the intestine till a length of six feet. The surgeon decides how much intestine to bypass after checking the weight and height of a person. The bypass length also depends on how much weight patients want to lose with the surgery. The surgery controls the weight by changing the gut hormones that are responsible for causing hunger and increasing the appetite. The mini gastric bypass involves a simple procedure with a very less operation time. It takes about fifty minutes to do the surgery.

The surgery involves making a partition in the stomach by the use of stapling technique. The surgeon uses a laparoscopic stapler to do the stapling. The connection of a large area of the stomach to the esophagus is broken. Due to this, most parts of the stomach do not allow the entry of food into it. In this way, the size of the newly formed stomach becomes less. It resembles a tube-like structure. The bypass is done for two to seven feet intestine. The leftover area of the intestine is connected to the new stomach. Food enters the tube functioning as a stomach. After that, it bypasses a large area of the intestine. The surgeon does not cut the bowel and connect it to the stomach. Thus, this surgery involves the least amount of internal cutting. The surgery does not cause a risk of a hernia inside the body.

The surgeon makes five incisions that are 5-12 mm long. There is a slight pain in the stomach at the place of the incisions after the surgery is done. The recovery from this surgery is just like the traditional gastric bypass. The patient needs to be admitted to the hospital for the surgery overnight. They may need to stay in the hospital for one more day so that the doctors and surgeons can observe the medical condition.

Patients report having a low level of pain for two weeks after the surgery. The pain occurs when a person twists the body at the torso. Medicines are given to control the pain. Doctors advise their patients to do physical activities daily and increase body movements post surgery. Twenty minutes of walking is essential and do it two times daily. Slowly, add other exercises in the daily routine.

After returning home from the hospital post surgery the patients are kept on a strict diet. In the first few days, the doctors advise taking a liquid diet. This diet routine continues for two weeks time. Water, soup, and protein shakes are included in the liquid diet. Patients can take pureed foods. For the next 2 weeks, patients are advised to eat soft foods. Start taking normal food after one month. Take fruits and vegetables in the diet. Avoid eating junk food. Take nutritious foods with protein and other nutrients. It is advised to take a low-calorie diet.

The surgery has many benefits for the overweight people who want to reduce their weight. There is very less need to do the intestine rerouting. The risk of complications and problems due to the surgery is very low. The surgery is easy to perform. The results and outcome of this weight loss surgery are better than other surgical procedures done for weight loss. There is a very less long-term risk in the mini-gastric bypass. The surgery helps in reducing co-morbidity risk due to other diseases that occur due to obesity. Mini-gastric bypass gives relief from diabetes, arthritis, and other health problems like sleep apnea. The surgery is safe and very few incisions are made by the surgeon. The patient recovers from the surgery very fast. Normal life is resumed within one-week time. Thus, the healing in this surgery is comparatively faster.